The results of a study published by Oncotarget earlier this year have revealed that the use of a third arterial graft on patients instead of the more conventional two arterial grafts does not significantly increase the operative risks but, on the contrary, can be associated with superior survival over the long term irrespective of the diabetic status and sex of the patients. While conducting the research, the scientists used EMBASE, MEDLINE and Web of Science to identify past studies and relevant articles written on the subject.The primary endpoint of the research was the long term mortality within the propensity score matched (PSM) populations while it secondary end-points were long term mortality of the unmatched populations and 30-day mortality for the matched populations.
8 propensity score matched studies were collected in total during the course of the research and they included data from 10, 287 matched patients which was used for the final comparison.The final results showed that using three arterial grafts was, statistically, not associated with the early mortality of the patients irrespective of their diabetic status and sex. It was also statistically associated with a significantly lower danger of late death among the populations.In another study, also published by Oncotarget, scientists were able to successfully investigate the detrimental effects of electronic cigarettes at the molecular and cellular levels and they found that the e-cigarettes can cause just as much damage to the gums as can regular, traditional cigarettes.
This is the first study of its kind to ever be conducted and was done under the leadership of Dr. Irfan Rahman, a professor of Environmental Medicine at UR School of Medicine.Since they first burst into the market, electronic cigarettes have been favorites among both new and experienced smokers who viewed them as a safer and healthier alternative to conventional cigarettes. However the results of this study now show that both types of cigarettes are equally harmful to the body since it is not really the chemicals that they contain which harm the body but it is the body’s reaction to the presence of the fumes that are introduced into it when you smoke.